Obviously “father” is often used literally, as in “Ham was the father of Canaan” (Genesis 9:18) and countless other examples. But sometimes, it is used metaphorically. Some examples follow.
Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. 21 His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe. (Genesis 4:20-21)
Do you thus repay the LORD,
you foolish and senseless people?
Is not he your father, who created you,
who made you and established you? (Deuteronomy 32:6)
Father of the fatherless and protector of widows
is God in his holy habitation. (Psalm 68:5)
Thus says the Lord GOD to Jerusalem: Your origin and your birth are of the land of the Canaanites; your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite. (Ezekiel 16:3)