First of all, it’s worth saying that sometimes proposed similarities between the Gospel of Thomas (GTh) and the Bible are actually, in fact, not very similar. For example, I have seen the suggestion that there is a parallel between GTh 2 and 1 Corinthians 1:2:

GTh 2 1 Cor. 1:3
Jesus said, “Let him who seeks continue seeking until he finds. When he finds, he will become troubled. When he becomes troubled, he will be astonished, and he will rule over the All.” Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

The parallel was suggested between the word trouble in GTh 2 and the word peace in 1 Cor. 1:2.

Similarly, I’ve seen it suggested that there is a parallel between GTh 8 and 1 Cor. 1:13-16:

GTh 8 1 Cor. 1:13-16
And he said, “The man is like a wise fisherman who cast his net into the sea and drew it up from the sea full of small fish. Among them the wise fisherman found a fine large fish. He threw all the small fish back into the sea and chose the large fish without difficulty. Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear.” Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul? {14} I thank God that I baptized none of you except Crispus and Gaius, {15} so that no one may say that you were baptized in my name. {16} (I did baptize also the household of Stephanas. Beyond that, I do not know whether I baptized anyone else.)

The proposed parallel is between the phrase drew it up from the sea in GTh 8 and the word baptised in 1 Cor. 1. These types of parallels are, in my opinion, not very convincing. When it comes specifically to connections between the GTh and 1 Corinthians, I’m not sure I know of more than one actual parallel (see below).

Some parallels between the GTh and the Bible are more exact, however. See the following example:

GTh 17 1 Cor. 2:9
Jesus said, “I shall give you what no eye has seen and what no ear has heard and what no hand has touched and what has never occurred to the human mind.” But, as it is written, “What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man imagined, what God has prepared for those who love him”

The reason for these similarities is because the GTh is copying from the Bible. We know this is the case (as opposed to the Bible copying from the GTh) because the GTh was composed over a period of time starting in the second century, after the completion of books now known as the New Testament (for more on this, see ‘Should the Gospel of Thomas be included in the Bible?‘).

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